DHSV Hero Compressor

DOWNHOLE SAFETY VALVES

REINSTATING FUNCTIONALITY AND INTEGRITY

Downhole safety Valves

Repairing a downhole safety valve (DHSV) reinstates well integrity and allows a well to be put back on production.

Repairing tubing retrievable subsurface safety valves (TRSSSV) saves having to perform a lock open operation and from having to install a wireline retrievable subsurface safety valve (WRSSSV) which will restrict production.

If functionality and/or integrity of a TRSSSV cannot be reinstated, the TRSSSV can be locked open and a WRSSSV installed, preventing the need to carry out a time consuming and expensive workover.

Replacing conventional DHSV maintenance and repair methodology with light but robust, precision robotic tools and alternative techniques. By engineering controllable and intelligent BHA’s suited to a variety of TRSSSV repair and lock open operations, and WRSSSV change out.
  • APPLICATIONS
    Clear tubing (scale, asphaltene, wax).
    Perform effective TRSSSV flow tube manipulation and exercising.
    Clean debris from TRSSSV flow tube, flapper seat, key profiles and polished seal bores.

Scale, asphaltene, wax or other debris

Scale, asphaltene, wax or other debris can accumulate in the tubing and the DHSV, this can obstruct access to and/or the functionality of DHSV’s. Welltec’s range of milling, clean-out, and mechanical services are engineered to address a wide variety of downhole access challenges. For increased efficiency, often two or more services can be combined in a single run. 

Maintain and restore production

Our modular clean-out tools have proven to be beneficial in maintaining and restoring production across diverse environments. To keep production optimized, periodic interventions with our clean-out solutions can remove the unwanted by-products associated with oil and gas production including sand, scale, mud, etc.

The Well Stroker® can apply axial force in either direction and be used to pull and/or push a TRSSSV flow tube to exercise the flow tube back to full functionality, or can used to push on the flow tube lock out sleeve with the associated TRSSSV lock open tool.

Case highlight

CHALLENGE
Downhole safety valves

An operator in the Caspian Sea was experiencing issues with the Tubing-Retrievable Subsurface Safety Valve (TRSSSV) in a producing well. During wellhead integrity testing in both 2017 and 2018...

Read Case

Performing a TRSSSV lock open operation

Performing a TRSSSV lock open operation presents its own set of challenges, typically a TRSSSV that requires to be locked open has been in a well for a considerable length of time, given this when required to be locked open the conventional methods or tools are not always effective in achieving this, some methods carry risks of further developing the problem downhole.

Attempts to lock open the flowtube with the lock open tool, or to set a “beer can” to hold open the sleeve and set it across the flapper can fail, this conventional method will introduce risks of compounding the problems with the TRSSSV and can also cause a complex fishing operation.

The Well Key® Dimple Tool is designed to permanently lock open TRSSSV’s in a single run. Running into the hole in a slick configuration, it is opened at depth and automatically engages with the flow tube for which it was set-up for. Once engaged, the Well Stroker® provides the force to shift the flow tube in the required direction and position, with pinpoint accuracy the Well Key® Dimple Tool deforms the sleeve by making “dimples” in its surface, thus locking the sleeve in a fixed open position.

Mechanical tubing punch

As part of a TRSSSV lock open operation it is required to establish communication with the TRSSSV control line for operating an insert WRSSSV, some TRSSSV’s require a mechanical tubing punch to be run to punch a hole inside a pocket in the TRSSSV. The Welltec® Puncher provides an efficient non-explosive method for quickly drilling precise communication hole(s) into the TRSSSV control line pocket,

where attempts with the lock open kits mechanical tubing punch have failed to achieve this. This same tool can also be used to punch a communication hole through a TRSSSV control line sleeve that has failed to be shifted open. 

Recovering a WRSSSV on slickline

Recovering a WRSSSV on slickline or braided line can prove problematic, this problem escalates the shallower and/or larger the valve is, the direct axial forces produced by the Well Stroker® mean that all the applied force travels down the toolstring and through the WRSSSV reaching the stuck point where you need to apply the load, also the load applied can be held and kept on the target area, unlike an impact.

When jarring peak impact is delivered over a very short time span, if the impact is plotted vertically against time, the area under the curve (impulse of force) is relatively small; this demonstrates why impact is not necessarily a good measure of actual force applied, and explains why peak impacts higher than the yield (or even tensile) strength of a target do not in turn break or free it. Direct axial force unlike an impact is not absorbed even on a soft target, and can even be maintained on a moving target, making it an ideal fit for recovering WRSSSV’s.

Setting a WRSSSV can also prove to be challenging due to condition of the nipple profile and/or seal bores, again our clean-out solutions can be called upon to address this problem ensuring a clean profile for setting a WRSSSV.

Case highlight

CHALLENGE
Downhole safety valves

In a gas well, offshore UK, barium sulphate scale build-up from the tubing hanger prevents removal of the Wireline Retrievable Surface Controlled Sub-Surface Valve (WR-SCSSV) which is failing to close...

Read Case

Reinstating down hole safety valve functionality

Features

  • Inherently safer
  • Less equipment, fewer people
  • No need for a rig
  • E-line operations
  • Flexible
  • Universal
  • Reliable

Benefits

  • Quickly restore DHSV functionality
  • Removal of scale and wax deposits above DHSV and in a TRSSSV
  • High pull and push forces for exercising TRSSSV flow tube, or performing a lock open operation
  • Permanently lock open TRSSSV flow tube with simple but effective dimple tool
  • Drill a control line communication port with pinpoint accuracy during TRSSSV lock open operation
  • High pull forces for pulling a WRSSSV
  • Operates on any e-line via DC.

Applications

  • Clear tubing (scale, asphaltene, wax) to gain full bore access to the DHSV
  • Perform effective TRSSSV flow tube manipulation and exercising
  • Clean debris from TRSSSV flow tube, flapper seat, key profiles and polished seal bores
  • Mill a damaged / lipped flow tube to restore full bore ID through the TRSSSV
  • Mill a broken or fully / partially stuck closed TRSSSV flapper or ball valve
  • Perform positive lock open of TRSSSV flow tube
  • Shift TRSSSV hydraulic control line communication sleeve, or precise reliable punching of control line communication sleeve or pocket
  • Recover irretrievable or historically problematic WRSSSV’s.

Tools applied